Source:  Onion  2008-10-05  我要投稿   恒星英語學習論壇   Favorite  

Volatile trading on U.S. financial markets ended in losses on Wall Street, after President George Bush signed a massive rescue plan for U.S. economy.

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U.S. stock markets surged early Friday, in anticipation that the House of Representatives would pass a revised financial bailout plan. But after the bill passed and President Bush signed it, prices dropped. The Dow Jones Industrial Average finished Friday down 157 points, or 1.5 percent. The NASDAQ also lost 1.5 percent, and the S&P 500 slid 1.4 percent.



European stock markets finished higher on Friday, but markets in Asia were down.



London's Financial Times index was up two-and-a-quarter percent, the CAC 40 in Paris gained three percent, and the DAX in Frankfurt advanced 2.4 percent. Tokyo's Nikkei index lost two percent, and in Hong Kong the Hang Seng fell nearly three percent. The dollar was lower against the Japanese yen but gained against the euro.



Asia's central banks have invested billions of dollars in credit markets since the U.S. financial crisis started to spread in September.



The secretary general of the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, Supachai Panitchpakdi, said Friday the rescue plan is only a first step towards major reform of the U.S. financial system.



"This is just to prevent the crisis from deepening - it doesn't mean that we've already succeeded in tackling the basic issues," he said. "So there needs to be a rethinking of the way that financial institutions have been managed and have been regulated in the United States and I think throughout the world."


他說:“這只不過是為了防止?;徊繳罨?。它并不意味著我們已經成功地解決了基本問題。因為,我們應當重新思考一下管理和監控美國金融機構,乃至全世界金融機構的方式?!?br />
The U.S. House of Representatives voted 263-to-171 to approve more than $700 billion in government spending to help stabilize the financial markets. Some lawmakers, like Democrat Barbara Lee of California, had voted against the bailout on Monday, but agreed to pass the enhanced legislation on Friday.



"We will not magically turn the economy around, reverse the rise in unemployment, or end this recession which we are in now," she said. "We must be honest about that. But I must err on the side of caution, so our seniors can have some confidence that their pensions are safe. And I hope that we will be able to help prevent this financial crisis from exacting an even bigger toll on the everyday lives of our constituents."


她說:“我們不可能神奇地把經濟形勢扭轉過來,轉變失業率上升的趨勢,或者結束我們目前正在經歷的經濟衰退。我們對此必須誠實。但是,即使我犯錯誤的話,那也是出于謹慎的考慮。因為我們的長輩們需要對他們的退休金感到安全,感到有信心。我希望我們能夠幫助防止這場金融?;暈頤茄∶竦娜粘I畬錘蟮某寤??!?br />
Others, like Republican Marilyn Musgrave of Colorado, remained unconvinced.


其他在星期一投反對票的議員,卻沒有被說服??坡蘩嘀莨埠偷持諞樵郝砝蛄鍘ぢ硭垢窶蛩擔?br />
"Taxpayers for generations will pay for our haste, and there is no guarantee that they will ever see the benefits," she said. "We should not reward bad behavior. Wall Street will not have to learn its lesson, and we are not doing anything to keep them from running our economy into the ground again."


“我們現在草率行事,可是好幾代的納稅人將對此付出代價。而且,他們是否能夠從中獲益也沒有任何保障。我們不應當獎勵壞的行為?;直匭虢郵芙萄?,我們并沒有采取任何措施防止他們再次毀壞我們的經濟?!?br />
Almost all members of the House will be up for re-election in about a month, and mail, e-mail and telephone calls to their offices showed overwhelming opposition to the bailout.



President Bush signed the bill shortly after the vote. He thanked lawmakers from both parties for their support, and said the bill's passage sends a strong signal to markets around the world.



"We have shown the world that the United States of America will stabilize our financial markets and maintain a leading role in the global economy," he said.


“我們已經向全世界顯示,美利堅合眾國將穩定國內金融市場,繼續保持我們在全球經濟中的領導角色?!?br />
One factor in Friday's losses on Wall Street was news from the U.S. Labor Department that the country lost 159,000 jobs in September. It was the biggest job loss in more than five years. The U.S. unemployment rate remained at 6.1 percent, largely because hundreds of thousands of people were leaving the workforce. The reduction in payrolls was much sharper than economists were predicting, and this was the ninth straight month that the country has lost jobs.



Stuart Hoffman, an economist with PNC Financial, says the job losses are a bad sign for the U.S. economy.

"This is a sign that the American worker is hurting," he said. "They are losing jobs, and the economy's recession, which we believe it has been in for a while, is getting worse, not better."

Meanwhile, two big U.S. banks are battling to take over the troubled bank Wachovia. Wells Fargo signed a $15 billion agreement Friday to buy the institution without government assistance. However, under a deal announced Monday, Citigroup would acquire Wachovia with the help of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, which insisted Friday that the earlier agreement go forward.



Nancy Atkinson, senior analyst with the Itay Group, says Wells Fargo made Wachovia a better deal.

"Wells Fargo's financial standing is more secure than Citigroup's right now, and they are acquiring all of Wachovia, whereas Citi was excluding AG Edwards and Evergreen," she said.

The Federal Reserve says it has not yet had time to review the proposed sale to Wells Fargo.


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