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机选双色球复式大奖:2019年6月英語六級模擬試題及參考答案(3)

Source: 大乐透蓝球复式    2019-05-23  我要投稿   論壇   Favorite  

大乐透蓝球复式 www.qionxo.com.cn 寫作:
  Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic The Popularity of Adventure Activities. You should write at least 150 words, and base your composition on the outline (given in Chinese) below:
  1)蹦極、攀巖等冒險活動受到很多人的歡迎,尤其是年輕人群
  2)有人認為這些活動很危險,應該被限制或禁止;有人卻認為這種活動給人們帶來很多新鮮的感覺,因此應該鼓勵
  3)你怎么看?說明你的理由
  【思路點撥】
  本題屬于提綱式文字命題。提綱第1點指出一種現象,提綱第2點提出了對該現象的兩種對立觀點,提綱第3點要求表明“我”的立場,由此可判斷本文應為對比選擇型作文。
  根據所給提綱,本文應包含如下內容:描述諸如蹦極、攀巖等冒險活動的流行,引出對其的爭議:應不應該限制或禁止;表明“我”對冒險活動的看法,并說明理由。
  【參考范文】
  The Popularity of Adventure Activities
  Nowadays, there are more and more adventure activities, like bungee jumping and rocking, which enjoy great popularity, especially among the youth. Some people think these activities are of high risk and should be constrained or even be forbidden, while others insist these activities bring people fresh experience and should be encouraged. As for me, I agree with the latter opinion.
  The following reasons can support my view. Firstly, attending adventure activities is a fashionable and efficient means to temper people’s courage and willpower, which is scarcely seen among modern young people. Secondly, people in modern society are facing great pressure. Taking adventure activities has been proved to be an very effective channel to alleviate the pressure of working and life. Finally, from the economic point of view, it’s a new economic growth point which will surely attract a lot of people to take part in.
  From the foregoing, we can safely draw a conclusion that adventure activities bring us many rewarding enjoyments and we should try to ensure its sound development. But it is worth noting that adventure activities are not suitable to everyone. These activities require good health condition. Therefore, people should take full account before taking any adventure activity.

  閱讀理解:
  With its common interest in lawbreaking but its immense range of subject matter and widely varying methods of treatment, the crime novel could make a legitimate claim to be regarded as a separate branch of literature, or, at least, as a distinct, even though a slightly disreputable, shoot of the traditional novel.
  The detective story is probably the most respectable (at any rate in the narrow sense of the word) of the crime species. Its creation is often the relaxation of university dons, literary e conomists, scientists or even poets. Fatalities may occur more frequently and mysteriously than might be expected in polite society, but the world in which they happen, the village, seaside resort, college or studio, is familiar to us, if not from our own experience, at least in the newspaper or the lives of friends. The characters, though normally realized superficially, are as recognizably human and consistent as our less intimate associates. A story set in a more remote environment, African jungle, or Australian bush, ancient China or gaslit London, appeals to our interest in geography or history, and most detective story writers are conscientious in providing a reasonably authentic background. The elaborate, carefully-assembled plot, despised by the modem intellectual critics and creators of significant novels, has found refuge in the murder mystery, with its sprinkling of clues, its spicing with apparent impossibilities, all with appropriate solutions and explanations at the end. With the guilt of escapism from Real Life, nagging gently, we secretly revel in the unmasking of evil by a vaguely super-human sleuth (偵探), who sees through and dispels the cloud of suspicion which has hovered so unjustly over the innocent.
  Though its villain also receives his rightful deserts, the thriller presents a less comfortable and credible world. The sequence of fist fights, revolver duels, car crashes and escapes from gas-filled cellars exhausts the reader far more than the hero, who suffers from at least two broken ribs, one black eye, uncountable bruises and a hangover, can still chase and overpower an armed villain With the physique of wrestler. He moves dangerously through a world of ruthless gangs, brutality, a vicious lust for power and money and, in contrast to the detective tale, with a near-omniscient arch-criminal whose defeat seems almost accidental. Perhaps we miss in the thriller the security of being safely led by our calm investigator past a score of red herrings and blind avenues to a final gathering of suspects when an unchallengeable elucidation (解釋) of all that has bewildered us is given and justice and goodness prevail. All that we vainly hope for from life is granted vicariously(間接地).
  57. The crime novel may be regarded as
  [A] not a tree novel at all [B] an independent development of the novel
  [C] related in some ways to the historical novel [D] a quite respectable form of the conventional novel
  58. The passage suggests that intellectuals write detective stories because
  [ A] they enjoy writing these stories [ B ] the stories are often in fact very instructive
  [ C ] detective stories are an accepted branch of literature [ D ] the creation of these stories demands considerable intelligence
  59. What feature of the detective story is said to disqualify it from respectful consideration by intellectual critics?
  [ A ] The fact that the guilty are always found out and the innocent cleared.
  [ B ] The lack of interest in genuine character revelations.
  [ C ] The existence of a neat closely-knit story. [ D ] The many seemingly impossible events.
  60. One of the most incredible characteristics of the hero of a thriller is
  [A]his exciting life [B] his amazing toughness
  [C] the way he deals with enemies [D] his ability to escape from dangerous situations
  61. In what way are the detective story and the thriller unlike?
  [A] In introducing violence. [B]In providing excitement and suspense.
  [C]In ensuring that everything comes right in the end. [D]In appealing to the intellectual curiosity of the reader
  答案BACBD

  Every once in a while the reasons for discouragement about the human prospect pile up so high that it becomes difficult to see the way ahead。and it is then a.great blessing to have one conspicuous and undeniable good thing to think about ourselves,something solid enough to step onto and look beyond the pile.
  language is often useful for this,and music.A particular painting,if you have the right receptors,can lift the spirits and hold them high enough to see a whole future for the race.The sound of laughter in the distance in the dark can be a marvelous encouragement.But these are uncertain stimuli,ready,to work only if you happen to be ready to receive them,which takes a bit of luck.
  I have been reading magazine stories about the technology of lie detection lately,and it occurs to me that this may be the thing I've been looking for,an encouragement supported by genuine,hard scientific data.It is promising enough that I’ve decided to take as given what the articles say.uncritically,and to look no further.
  As I understand it,a human being cannot tell a lie,even a small one.without setting off a kind of smoke alarm Somewhere deep in a dark recess of the brain,resulting in the sudden discharge 9f nerve impulses,or the sudden outpouring of neurohormones(神經激素)of some sort,or both.The outcome,recorded by the lie—detector device is similar to the responses to various kinds of stress.
  Lying,then is stressful,even when we do it for protection,or relief,or escape,or profit,or just for the pure pleasure of lying and getting away with it.It is a strain.distressing enough to cause the emission of signals to and from the central nervous system warning that something has gone wron9.It is,in a pure physiological sense,an unnatural act.
  Now I regard this as a piece of extraordinarily good news,meaning,that we are compelled to be a moral species at least in the limited sense that we are biologically designed to be truthful to each other.
  It seems a petty thing to have this information,but perhaps it tells us to look again,and look deeper.We are indeed a social species,more dependent on each other than the celebrated social insects,we can no more live a solitary life than can a bee,we ale obliged,as a species。to rely on each other—Trust is a fundamental requirement for our kind of existence,and without it all our linkages would begin to snap loose.It is enough,quite enough,to know that we cannot even tell a plain untruth,and betray a trust,without scaring some part of our own brains.
  62.In the first paragraph.the author implies that
  [A]we are convinced that men are born evil  [B] human beings are surrounded by piles of rubbish
  [C]there are a lot of obstacles on the way ahead of human beings
  [D]man’s future is seen to be encouraging from his good nature
  63.According to the second paragraph,which of the following statements is true?
  [A] Language is as useful as music. [B]Painting is the best of all in lifting one’s spirits.
  [C]To see human’s bright side is a game of chance, [D]Not everyone is given the chance of a good future.
  64. Which of the following is true ac6ording to the passage?
  [ A] Physiological changes will for sure betray a liar.   [ B] The bigger a lie is, the stronger the strain will be.
  [C ] The degree of the strain depends on the purpose of lying.
  [ D] A well-trained person can tell lies without being detected.
  65. The information given by the lie detector, according to the author, is
  [ A] trivial [ B ] essential   [ C ] surprising   [ D] unreliable
  66. The message the author transmits to us by the lie detector is that
  [ A] it is vital for us to be truthful to each other  [B ] lying will be checked by more advanced lie detectors
  [ C] a lie detector can make a good record of nerve impulses
  [ D] a liar benefits himself from lying, but only at the cost of others
  答案DCABA

  President Bush touched off a firestorm of criticism from congressional Democrats, civil fights groups and newspaper editorialists Wednesday when he decided to intervene in a Supreme Court case challenging racial preferences in the University of Michigan admissions policy. The howls of protest were quick and loud. Judging from the noise, one might conclude that this president is in big political trouble as he looks to reelection in 2004. After all, with public uncertainty about the economy, the possibility of war with Iraq, increased tensions with North Korea dominating the headlines, and Democrats hurling brickbats at Bush for everything from his economic stimulus plan that they say favors the rich to what they see as his abandonment of minorities by opposing the Michigan case, he would appear to be poised (使平衡) on the brink of political disaster.
  But is he? Not yet. His standing with the public is stronger than outward poll numbers suggest. Much was made this past week of a USA TODAY cnn Gallup Poll that showed Bush's job approval rating dipping below 60% for the first time since Sept. 11, to 58%. That caused many to comment that he might be following down a path his father previously trod. The elder Bush achieved success in the Persian Gulf War but saw his job ratings erode steadily, largely because of what many read as an inadequate response to a slumping economy. He was denied a second term.But for the younger Bush to be in danger of a repeat, he would have to do something that breaks the bond he has formed with the American public on a personal level since Sept. 11 that transcends
  his positions on various issues.
  The same USA TODAY poll that showed Bush's overall job-approval slipping, but still good,also found that his so-called political "vital signs" are remarkably strong. They suggest that regardless of whether people agree or disagree with Bush's handling of specific problems or issues,he retains a high degree of respect, trust and support for pushing boldly ahead as he sees fit. Most who said the qualities do not apply are Democrats, Who more than likely are not going to vote for Bush anyway. It is the swing voters that Bush must hold, and the poll shows that most independents rank Bush positively on these measures, He also "gets some pretty strong ratings from women, who traditionally lean toward Democratic presidential candidates.
  So when Bush makes a bold decision to fight terrorism, oppose the Michigan admissions policy or force Saddam Hussein to disarm, many may disagree. But they rate him high for leading, which, after all, is what we elect our presidents to do. And most see him as honest, willing to get along with his political opponents and an effective government manager. Analysts say those vital signs will see Bush through the rough times.
  52. It can be inferred from the passage that the University of Michigan
  [ A ] carries out a preferential policy for recruiting minority students
  [ B] comes into open conflicts with Bush's economic stimulus plan
  [ C] puts Bush in trouble by abandoning minority students in its admission
  [D] is strongly opposed to Bush's foreign policies
  53. According to the passage, the poll numbers indicate that
  [A] Bush's standing with the public is very strong   [ B] Bush's economic package wins widespread support
  [ C] public support for Bush is declining  [ D] Bush is on the brink of political disaster
  54. The elder Bush lost a second term mainly because
  [ A ] he lost the Persian Gulf War   [B ] he failed to develop an intimate relationship with the public
  [ C ] he proved himself inadequate as a political leader  [ D ] he did not take effective measures to recover the economy
  55. The expression "vital signs" (Line 2, Para. 3 ) mainly refers to
  [ A] signs that signalize public satisfaction with Bush's work  [ B ] qualities that meet the leadership of the country
  [ C] poll numbers that show Bush's job-approval ratings   [ D] issues that Bush has to handle before a reelection
  56. The main idea of the passage is that
  [ A] approval polls don't tell the whole Bush story  [ B ] young Bush is in danger of repeating the elder Bush's mistakes
  [ C ] fighting another war does not help the slumping economy [ DJ public support for Bush's work takes another dip
  答案ACDBA

  In recent years, we have all watched the increasing commercialization of the campus. The numerous advertising posters and the golden arches of fast food outlets may be an insult to our aesthetic sensibilities, but they are, arguably, no worse than ugly. Some of the other new features of commercialized campus life do, however, constitute a serious threat to things we rightly respect. "Privatization" and the "business model" are the potential menace.
  What do these notions mean? To me, they involve an increased dependence on industry and charitable actions for operating the university; an increased amount of our resources being directed to applied or so-called practical Subjects, both in teaching and in research; a proprietary (所有權的,所有人的) treatment of research results, with the commercial interest in secrecy overriding the public's interest in free, shared knowledge; and an attempt to run the university more like a business that treats industry and students as clients and ourselves as service providers with something to sell. We pay increasing attention to the immediate needs and demands of our "customers" and, as the old saying goes, "the customer is always right".
  Privatization is particularly frightening from the point of view of public well-being. A researcher employed by a university-affiliated hospital in Canada, working under contract with a medicine-making company, made public her findings that a particular drug was harmful. This violated the terms of her contract, and so she was fired. Her dismissal caused a scandal, and she was subsequently restored to her previous position. The university and hospital in question are now working out something similar to tenure (終身任職) for hospital-based researchers and guidelines for contracts, so that more public exposure of privately funded research will become possible. This is a rare victory and a small step in the right direction, but the general trend is the other way. Thanks to profit-driven private funding, researchers are not only forced to keep valuable information secret, they are often contractually obliged to keep discovered dangers to public health under wraps, too. Of course, we must not be too naive about this. Governments can unwisely insist on secrecy, too, as did the British Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries, and Food in the work they funded in connection with the bovine spongiform encephalopathy (牛腦海綿體病) epidemic.This prevented others from reviewing the relevant, data and pointing out that problems were more serous than government was letting on.
  57. From the first paragraph we can learn that the campus life has become
  [A ] more convenient  [ B ] rather ugly [ C ] somewhat harmful   [ D ] no more aesthetic than before
  58. "Privatization" and the "business model" in this passage most probably mean
  [ A ] potential menace to life  [ B ] new features of campus life
  [ C ] new trend on campus  [ D] dependence on industry and charities
  59. The author believes that we should pay
  [ A] little attention to applied subjects  [ B ] due attention to the public interest in free, shared knowledge
  [ C ] more attention to the immediate needs and demands of our customers
  [ D ] considerable attention to the commercial interest in the secrecy of research results
  60. The researcher mentioned in the third .paragraph was fired because
  [ A] she worked for the rival of the company [ B ] she failed to keep her research results secret
  [ C ] she was obliged to keep her discoveries secret [ D ] she was committed to a contract with a company
  61. It is implied in the passage that
  [ A ] the general public is too naive to accept the "privatization"
  [ B ] the notion that "the customer is always right" is out of date
  [ C ] it is a general trend that there will be more public disclosure of privately funded research
  [ D] the bovine spongiform encephalopathy epidemic in Britain was more serious than what was disclosed
  答案CBBDD

  翻譯
  香港
  香港是一座世界級城市,全球重要的國際金融、服務業及航運中心,并且以廉潔社會、優良治安、經濟自由及法律制度完備而聞名于世。香港是自由港,被稱為“購物天堂”,是購物人士喜歡去的地方,絕大多數的貨品沒有關稅(tariff),世界各地的物資都運到香港銷售,有些比原產地還便宜。著名景點海洋公園(Ocean Park)是一座亞洲最大的、具有現代設施和多種娛樂項目的海洋博物館。香港迪士尼樂園(HongKong Disneyland)的特色景點和經典童話人物深深吸引著各地的游客。

參考譯文:
  Hong Kong is a world-class city.It is the world's leading center of international finance, service industiy and shipping. It is famous for a corruption-free society, good law and order, economic freedom and complete legal system. Hong Kong is a free port, and is called the “shopping paradise”where purchasers like to go shopping, because the vast majority of goods in Hong Kong are free from tariffs. Worldwide supplies are shipped to Hong Kong for sale, and some goods are even cheaper than those in the original place. The famous scenic spot Ocean Park is Asia's largest maritime museum with modern facilities and a variety of entertainment activities. Distinct scenic spots and classic fairytale characters in Hong Kong Disneyland deeply attract tourists around the world.
  1.全球重要的國際金融、服務業及航運中心:本句的關鍵詞是“中心”,這類羅列型的句子一般用of結構來翻譯。
  2.原產地:可譯為original place,這里的original意為“原始的,最初的”。original是翻譯時的常用詞,還有“獨創的,新穎的”之意,例如,original style獨特的風格,originalidea別出心裁的主意。
  3.著名景點海洋公園是一座亞洲最大的、具有現代設施和多種娛樂項目的海洋博物館:這句的修飾語很長,這樣的句子翻譯時要合理安排句子結構,避免一味羅列。
  4.特色景點和經典童話人物:可譯為distinct scenic spots and classic fairytale characters.


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